Proportional Representation to End Gerrymandering

OFFICIAL TITLE
AN INITIATIVE MEASURE
Repealing Arizona Constitution Article 7 Section 10. Amending Arizona Constitution
Article 7 by Adding Sections 19 and 20.
TEXT OF PROPOSED AMENDMENT
Be it enacted by the people of the state of Arizona:
Section 1. Title.
This act may be cited as the “Arizona Fair Representation Act”
Sec. 2. Findings.
The People of the State of Arizona find and declare the following:
1. More voters are not registered for any political party than either the Republican or
Democratic parties. Despite this, there are 5 Republican and 4 Democrat
representatives of Arizona in Congress. Nobody is representing the largest block of
voters in Arizona.
2. The Arizona legislature has 53 Republican and 37 Democrat representatives. There
is nobody representing the 35% of unaffiliated voters.
3. The current system of apportionment, redistricting and voting is failing the electorate.
4. 40% of Americans identify as Independent, 31% identify as Democrat and 27%
identify as Republican. The US congress is made up of 247 Republicans and 188
Democrats. This means that 40% of the electorate is not represented.
5. The electorate of Arizona is the supreme legislative authority and as such, this
initiative is self enabling.
6. The intent of this initiative is to ensure each major group of voters, represented by
their political party or lack thereof is fairly represented in both the US congress and the
Arizona legislature. Any interpretation of the language of this initiative shall be
construed as such.
7. The US Supreme Court has ruled that the people of Arizona have the right to
determine the method district lines are drawn.
8. A fair distribution of US congressional seats at the time of writing of this initiative is 3
seats for unaffiliated voters, 3 seats for Republicans and 3 seats for Democrats.
Sec 3. Arizona Constitution Article 7 section 19 is added to read
19. Definitions:
In this article, unless the context otherwise requires:
1. “Voter” is a person who is registered to vote in the state of Arizona.
2. “Political Group” is the set of voters who are registered for each political party
registered by the state of Arizona or the set of voters who did not specify a party
preference for one of the parties registered by the state of Arizona. For example, the
set of all voters who specified their preference as Republican constitute a single political
group. The set of all voters who did not specify a political party affiliation in their most
recent registration shall constitute a single political group referred to as Unaffiliated
Voters.
Sec 4. Arizona Constitution Article 7 section 20 is added to read
Section 20. Allocation of US congressional seats.
1. Within one year after the date of each national election for US congressional seats,
reapportionment of US congressional seats shall be done by the Arizona Independent
Redistricting Commission.
2. The number of seats for congress shall be divided between the political groups based
on the percentage of voters registered for each Political Group.
3. Each Political Group shall be assigned an initial number called Voters_In_Group
equal to the number of registered voters in that Political Group.
4. A number called Voters_Per_Seat shall be a number rounded to the nearest integer
equal to the total number of Arizona registered voters divided by the number of US
congressional seats.
5. Allocation of US congressional seats between the political groups shall be done one
at a time by repeating the following steps until all seats have been allocated to one of
the political groups.
a. The group with the largest Voters_In_Group shall be awarded the next seat to be
allocated. If there is a tie for the largest number Voters_In_Group, the seat will be
allocated to the Political Group with the largest number of total voters.
b. The political group which was allocated the seat shall have the number
Voters_Per_Seat subtracted from their number Voters_In_Group.
6. Statewide district lines shall be drawn for each political group by the Independent
Redistricting Commission. Groups with the same number of congressional seats shall
be given the same district divisions. For example, with 3 Political Groups with 3 districts
allocated for each, they would all use the same district map lines. At the time of the
drafting of this initiative, there would be 3 total Political Groups assigned 3 districts
each. The 3 Political Groups ranked according to size would be Unaffiliated Voters,
Republicans and Democrats.
7. Only people eligible to run for the US congress who have resided in a district for at
least 2 years and have been registered for the Political Group for at least 2 years
represented by a district may run for office in that district. In the case of unaffiliated
districts, only people eligible to run for the US congress who have resided in a district
for at least 2 years and have not been registered for any political party for at least 2
years may run for office in that district.
No State of Arizona monies or resources may be used to challenge this initiative in part
or in whole.
Sec 5. Arizona Constitution Article 7 section 21 is added to read
Section 21. Allocation of Arizona Legislative seats.
1. Within one year after the date of each national election for US congressional seats,
reapportionment of Arizona legislative seats shall be done by the Arizona Independent
Redistricting Commission.
2. The 30 Arizona legislative districts shall be divided between the political groups
based on the percentage of voters registered for each Political Group.
3. Each Political Group shall be assigned an initial number called Voters_In_Group
equal to the number of registered voters in that Political Group.
4. A number called Voters_Per_Seat shall be a number rounded to the nearest integer
equal to the total number of Arizona registered voters divided by 30.
5. Allocation of Arizona legislative districts between the political groups shall be done
one at a time by repeating the following steps until all seats have been allocated to one
of the political groups.
a. The group with the largest Voters_In_Group shall be awarded the next seat to be
allocated. If there is a tie for the largest number Voters_In_Group, the seat will be
allocated to the Political Group with the largest number of total voters.
b. The political group which was allocated the seat shall have the number
Voters_Per_Seat subtracted from their number Voters_In_Group.
6. Statewide district lines shall be drawn for each political group by the Independent
Redistricting Commission. Groups with the same number of congressional seats shall
be given the same district divisions. For example, with 3 Political Groups with 10
Arizona legislative districts allocated for each, they would all use the same district map
lines. At the time of the drafting of this initiative, there would be 3 total Political Groups
assigned 3 districts each. The 3 Political Groups ranked according to size would be
Unaffiliated Voters, Republicans and Democrats.
7. Only people eligible to run for the Arizona legislature who have resided in a district for
at least 2 years and have been registered for the Political Group for at least 2 years
represented by a district may run for office in that district. In the case of unaffiliated
districts, only people eligible to run for the US congress who have resided in a district
for at least 2 years and have not been registered for any political party for at least 2
years may run for office in that district.
No State of Arizona monies or resources may be used to challenge this initiative in part
or in whole.